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Orangeism in Scotland
ORANGE ORDER originated in September 1795 after the Battle of the Diamond in
Loughgall, Co. Armagh.
Here, Protestant residents successfully beat off an attack by a Catholic
secret society called the Defenders.
it wasn’t too long before Ulster’s most famous export made it’s way across
the North Channel to Scotland.
Thus Ulster Protestants who emigrated to lowland Scotland for economic
reasons founded the Orange Order in Scotland.
Recession in the linen industry forced many handloom weavers into ruin
and the only way many of them could continue their trade was by migrating to
Scotland where work was plentiful.
formed the first Scottish Orange lodges around 1807.
They had returned to Scotland after serving in government militia
regiments used to suppress the 1798 United Irishmen rebellion.
However, early growth was very slow.
Indeed, the first recorded Scottish
‘Twelfth’, held in Glasgow, was in 1821.
all changed during the 1830s with the transformation of Scotland’s industrial
The modern textile industry replaced handloom weaving, and the coal and
iron industries developed, as did shipbuilding.
This scale of industrialisation ensured the survival of Orangeism.
Indeed, it has often been noted that Scottish Orangeism is essentially a
by-product of the Industrial Revolution.
the Scottish Orange was very active.
Their 'Use and Wont’ campaign – to keep Bible study in Schools –
saw many Orangemen being elected to school boards in 1873.
After the Great War there was even an Orange and Protestant political
party in Scotland.
Also of great interest was the Scottish Orange’s response to the Home
Around 6,000 heard Carson at a meeting in Glasgow – where seven UVF
companies were raised.
1835, Scottish Orangeism fell upon hard times.
This was because the Loyal Orange Institution of Great Britain and Loyal
Orange Institution of Ireland were ‘dissolved’ for their part in the
This was a bizarre yet treasonable plot to place the Duke of Cumberland
(Imperial Grand Master of the Loyal Institution of Great Britain and the Loyal
Institution of Ireland) on the throne in place of Princess Victoria.
In addition, the reigning monarch, King William IV was to be deposed for
However, in 1836, the Orange reformed as the Grand Protestant Confederation of Great Britain, later known as the Grand Protestant Association of Loyal Orangemen of Great Britain.
The Orange Order is well known for its family and kinship traditions. This is particularly so in Scotland where there is much more than the annual Twelfth Walk or Burns’ supper. Indeed, entire communities have evolved based on an ethic of communal solidarity and mutual aid.
OF the most fascinating aspects of Orangeism is its family and kinship
Lodges can boast links between the generations that span hundreds of years.
Sons and daughters follow their parents into Lodges, where, in many
cases, they will be related to other members.
These articles first
appeared in the increasingly popular e-zine, British
demonstrate this generational link.
The authors both hail from the East End of Glasgow.
Due to a climate of anti-Orange hatred and bigotry, both wish to remain
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